Here you will find details of published outputs produced by the Project, together with other relevant pre-Project publications.


Hausmann, N., Meredith-Williams, M. 2016. Seasonal patterns of coastal exploitation on the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 00: 1–20. DISPERSE contribution no. 33.

Hausmann, N., Meredith-Williams, M. 2016. Exploring accumulation rates of shell deposits through seasonality data. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, DISPERSE contribution no. 31.

Kübler, S., Rucina, S., Owenga, P., Reynolds, S.J., Bailey, G.N., King, G.C.P. 2016. Edaphic and topographic constraints on exploitation of the central Kenya Rift by large mammals and early hominins. Open Quaternary 2: 5, pp. 1–18, DISPERSE contribution no. 30.

Harff, J., Bailey, G.N., Lueth, F. (2016). Geology and archaeology: submerged landscapes of the continental shelf: an introduction. In Harff, J., Bailey, G.N., Lueth, F. (Eds.). Geology and Archaeology: Submerged Landscapes of the Continental Shelf. Geological Society of London Special Publications,411.1–8. First published online September 15, 2015, DISPERSE contribution no. 25.


Momber, G., Rich, S. 2015. Postglacial human dispersal across the north-west European landscape. Skyllis 15: 4–13. DISPERSE contribution no. 32.

Hausmann, N., Colonese, A.C., Kokkinaki, O., Anglos, D., de Almeida Rocha Ponzoni, R., Hancock, Y., Meredith-Williams, M., Leng, M., Bailey, G. In press. Isotopic and elemental composition of Conomurex fasciatus shells as an environmental proxy for the Red Sea. Quaternary International. First published online September 26, 2015, DISPERSE contribution no. 27.

Groucutt, H. S., Petraglia, M. D., Bailey, G., Scerri, E. M. L., Parton, A., Clark-Balzan, L., Jennings, R. P., Lewis, L., Blinkhorn, J., Drake, N. A., Breeze, P. S., Inglis, R. H., Devès, M. H., Meredith-Williams, M., Boivin, N., Thomas, M. G. and Scally, A. (2015), Rethinking the dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa. Evolutionary Anthropology, 24: 149–164. doi: 10.1002/evan.21455. DISPERSE contribution no. 29.

Winder, N.P., Winder, I.C. 2015. Complexity, compassion and self-organisation: human evolution and the vulnerable ape hypothesis. Internet Archaeology 40. DISPERSE contribution no. 28.

Kübler, S., Owenga, P., Reynolds, S.C., Rucina, S.M., King, G.C.P. 2015. Animal movements in the Kenya Rift and evidence for the earliest ambush hunting by hominins. Nature Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 14011 (2015) doi:10.1038/srep14011. DISPERSE contribution no. 26.

Winder, I.C., Devès, M.H., King, G.C.P., Bailey, G.N., Inglis, R.H., Meredith-Williams, M. 2015.Evolution and dispersal of the genus Homo: A landscape approach. Journal of Human Evolution 87: 48–65. DISPERSE contribution no. 24.

Winder, I.C. 2015. Landscape structures and human evolutionary ecology: space, scale and environmental patterning in Africa. Internet Archaeology 38: Available at: DISPERSE contribution no. 23.

Devès, M.H., Reynolds, S., King, G.C.P., Kübler, S., Sturdy, D., Godet, N. 2015. Insights from earth sciences into human evolution studies: the examples of prehistoric landscape use in Africa and the Levant. Comptes Rendus Geosciences. DISPERSE contribution no. 22.

Bailey, G.N., Devès, M.H., Inglis, R.H., Meredith-Williams, M.G., Momber, G., Sakellariou, D., Sinclair, A.G.M., Rousakis, G., Al Ghamdi, S., Alsharekh, A.M. 2015. Blue Arabia: Palaeolithic and underwater survey in SW Saudi Arabia and the role of coasts in Pleistocene dispersals. Quaternary International 382: 42–57. DISPERSE contribution no. 21.

Sakellariou, D., Bailey, G., Rousakis, G., Panagiotopoulos, I., Morfis, I., Georgiou, P., Momber, G., Alsharekh, A., Kalogirou, S., Stavrakakis, S., Al Nomani, S., Meredith-Williams, M. 2015.Quaternary geology, tectonics and submerged landscapes of the Farasan continental shelf, Saudi Arabia, South Red Sea: Preliminary results.11th Panhellenic Symposium on Oceanography and Fisheries. Mytilene, Lesvos Island, Greece, pp. 985–988. DISPERSE contribution no. 20.

Holdaway, S.J., King, G.C.P., Douglass, M.J., Fanning, P.C. 2015. Human-environment interactions at regional scales: the complex topography hypothesis applied to surface archaeological records in Australia and North America._Archaeology in Oceania_50 (Supplement): 57–68. doi: 10.1002/arco.5054. DISPERSE contribution no. 18.

Bailey, G.N. 2015. The Evolution of the Red Sea as a Human Habitat during the Quaternary Period. In Rasul, N.M.A., Stewart, I.C.F. (Eds). The Red Sea: The Formation, Morphology, Oceanography and Environment of a Young Ocean Basin. New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 595–610. DISPERSE contribution no. 13.

Hausmann, N., Meredith-Williams, M., Bailey, G.N. 2015. Results of recent excavations on the Farasan Islands and studies of large-scale prehistoric shellfish gathering in the Red Sea. In N. Bicho, C. Detry, T. D. Price, E. Cunha (eds) Muge 150th Anniversary Conference. Volume 2. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Press, pp. 301-314. DISPERSE contribution no. 8.


Winder, I.C., King, G.C.P., Devès, M.H., Bailey, G.N. 2014. Human bipedalism and the importance of terrestriality: a reply to Thorpe et al. (2014). Antiquity 88: 915–916. DISPERSE contribution no.17.

Meredith-Williams, M., Hausmann, N., Inglis, R., Bailey, G.N. 2014. 4200 New Shell Mound Sites in the Southern Red Sea 'Human Exploitation of Aquatic Landscapes' special issue (ed. Ricardo Fernandes and John Meadows), Internet Archaeology 37, doi:10.11141/ia.37.2. Available at: DISPERSE contribution no.16.

Winder, I.C. 2014. The biogeography of Papio baboons: a GIS-based analysis of range characteristics and variability. Folia Primatologica 85(5): 292–318. DISPERSE contribution no. 15.

Alsharekh, A.M., Bailey, G.N. (Eds). 2014. Coastal Prehistory in Southwest Arabia and the Farasan Islands: 2004–2009 Field Investigations. Riyadh: Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiquities. ISBN 978-603-8136-01-0. 215 pp.

Winder, I.C., Winder, N.P. 2014. Reticulate evolution and the human past: an anthropological perspective. Annals of Human Biology 41: 300–311. DISPERSE contribution no.14.

Bailey, G.N. 2014. Early seafaring and the archaeology of submerged landscapes. In A. Ammerman (ed.) Early Seafaring in the Eastern Mediterranean. Journal of Eurasian Prehistory 10 (1–2): 99–114. DISPERSE contribution no.12.

Inglis, R.H., Sinclair, A.G., Shuttleworth, A., Alsharekh, A., Deves, M.H., Meredith-Williams, M., Al Ghamdi, S., Bailey, G. 2014. Investigating the Palaeolithic landscapes and archaeology of the Jizan and Asir regions, Southwestern Saudi Arabia. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 44: 193–212. DISPERSE contribution no.11.

Meredith-Williams, M.G., Hausmann, N., Bailey, G.N., King, G.C.P., Alsharekh, A.M., Al Ghamdi, S. 2014. Mapping, modelling and predicting prehistoric coastal archaeology in the Southern Red Sea using new applications of digital imaging techniques. World Archaeology 46 (1): 10–24. DISPERSE contribution no.10.

Devès, M.H., Sturdy, D.A., King, G.C.P., Godet, N., Bailey, G.N. 2014. Hominin reactions to herbivore distribution in the Lower Palaeolithic of the southern Levant. Quaternary Science Reviews 96: 140–160. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.04.017. 15 July 2014. DISPERSE contribution no. 9.

Bailey, G.N. 2014. New developments in submerged prehistoric archaeology: an overview. In A. Evans, J. Flatman, N.C. Flemming (eds.) Prehistoric Archaeology on the Continental shelf: a Global Review. New York: Springer, pp. 291–300. DISPERSE contribution no. 7.

Momber, G. 2014. Submerged archaeology and cultural responses to climatic amelioration. In A. Evans, J. Flatman, N.C. Flemming (eds.) Prehistoric Archaeology on the Continental Shelf: a Global Review. New York: Springer, pp. 193–212. DISPERSE contribution no. 6.

Peeters, J. H. M., Momber, G. 2014. The southern North Sea and the human occupation of northwest Europe after the Last Glacial Maximum. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences. 93 (1–2): 55–70. DOI:


Momber, G. 2013. The changing environment of the Mesolithic and occupation at Bouldnor Cliff. In M-Y. Daire, C. Dupont, A. Baudry, C. Billard, J.-M. Large, L. Lespez, E. Normand, C. Scarre (eds) Anciens peuplements littoraux et relations Homme/Milieu sur les côtes de l/Europe atlantique /Ancient Maritime Communities and the Relationship between People and Environment along the European Atlantic Coasts. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 2570, pp. 23–32. DISPERSE contribution no. 5.

Devès, M.H., Inglis, R.H., Meredith-Williams, M.G., Al Ghamdi, S., Alsharekh, A.M., Bailey, G.N. 2013. Palaeolithic survey in southwest Saudi Arabia: methodology and preliminary results. Adumatu 27: 7–30. DISPERSE contribution no. 4.

Bailey, G.N., Meredith-Williams, M.G., Alsharekh, A.M. 2013. Shell mounds of the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia. In G.N. Bailey, K. Hardy, A. Camara (eds) Shell Energy: Mollusc Shells as Coastal Resources. Oxford: OxBow, pp. 241–54. DISPERSE contribution no. 3.

Bailey, G.N., Hardy, K., Camara, A. (Eds). 2013. Shell Energy: Mollusc Shells as Coastal Resources. Oxford: OxBow.

Bailey, G.N. 2013. Dynamic shorelines and submerged topography: the neglected variables. Comment on: ‘The antiquity of sustained offshore fishing’. Antiquity 87 (337): 889–90. DISPERSE contribution no. 2.

Winder, I.C., King, G.C.P., Devès, M.H., Bailey, G.N. 2013. Complex topography and human evolution: the missing link Antiquity 87: 333–49. DISPERSE contribution no.1.

Winder, I.C., Heyerdahl-King, I.S. and Winder, N.P. 2013 (online version), 2014 (print version). Hominin palaeoecology and environmental archaeology. In C. Smith (ed.) Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology (Environmental Archaeology volume). Springer, pp. 3450–3455

Winder, I.C., Winder, N.P. 2013. An agnostic approach to ancient landscapes: conversations about the cultural anthropology of archaeological research. Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History 9:1–30.


Bailey, G.N., King, G.C.P., Devès, M., Hausmann, N., Inglis, R., Laurie, E., Meredith-Williams, M., Momber, G., Winder, I., Alsharekh, A., Sakellariou, D. 2012. DISPERSE: dynamic landscapes, coastal environments and human dispersals. Antiquity 86 (334).

Bailey, G.N. 2012. Dynamic landscapes and human evolution: the last frontier of archaeological discovery. Science and Technology II: 1–2. PanEuropean Networks.

Bailey, G.N., Alsharekh, A.Flemming, N.C., Momber, G., Moran, L.J., Sinclair, A., King, G.C.P., Vita Finzi, C., Al Ma’Mary, A., AlShaikh, N.Y., AlGhamdi, S. 2012. Coastal archaeology and prehistory in the Southwest region of Saudi Arabia and the Farasan islands: report on the 2004 and 2006 surveys of the joint Saudi-UK Southern Red Sea Project. Atlal: Journal of Saudi Arabian Archaeology 22: 134–157.


Bailey, G.N. 2011. Sea level change and submerged landscapes of the continental shelf. Science and Technology I: 98–99. PanEuropean Networks.

Devès, M., King G.C.P., Klinger, Y., Agnon, A. 2011. Localised and distributed deformation in the lithosphere: Modelling the Dead Sea region in 3 dimensions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 308 (1): 172–84. Doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.05.044.

Relevant Pre-Project Research and Publications


Bailey, G.N. 2011. Continental shelf archaeology: where next? In J. Benjamin, C. Bonsall, K. Pickard, A. Fischer (eds) Submerged Prehistory. Oxford: Oxbow, pp. 311–31, 2011.

Bailey, G.N., King, G.C.P. 2011. Living with sea level change and dynamic landscapes: an archaeological perspective. In V. Badescu, R, Cathcart (eds) Macro-engineering Seawater in Unique Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 1–26, 2011.

Bailey, G.N., Reynolds, S.C, King, G.C.P. 2011. Landscapes of human evolution: models and methods of tectonic geomorphology and the reconstruction of hominin landscapes. Journal of Human Evolution. 60 (3): 257–80, 2011.

Reynolds, S.C., Bailey, G.N., King, G.C.P. 2011. Landscapes and their relation to hominin habitats: case studies from Australopithecus sites in eastern and southern Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 60 (3): 281–98, 2011.

Lambeck, K., Purcell, A., Flemming, N., Vita-Finzi, C., Alsharekh, A., Bailey, G.N. 2011. Sea level and shoreline reconstructions for the Red Sea: isostatic and tectonic considerations and implications for hominin migration out of Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (25–26): 3542–74, 2011.

Demarchi, B., Williams, M., Milner, N., Russell, N, Bailey, G., Penkman, K. 2011. Amino acid racemization dating of marine shells: a mound of possibilities. Quaternary International 239 (1–2): 114–24, 2011.

Bailey, G.N., King, G.C.P. 2011. Dynamic landscapes and human dispersal patterns: tectonics, coastlines and the reconstruction of human habitats. Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (11–12): 1533–53.


King, G.C.P., Bailey, G.N., Reynolds, S.C. 2010. Dynamic landscapes and human evolution. In M. Sintubin, I.S. Stewart, T. Niemi, E. Altunel (eds) Ancient Earthquakes: Archaeoseismology along the Alpine-Himalayan Seismic Zone. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 471, pp. 1–19.

Bailey, G.N. 2010. Earliest coastal settlement, marine palaeoeconomies and human dispersal: the Africa-Arabia connection. 2010. In A. Anderson, J. Barrett, K. Boyle (eds) The Global Origins and Development of Seafaring. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, pp. 29–40.

Williams, M.G.W. 2010. Shell mounds of the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 40: 357–366.


Bailey, G.N. 2009. The Red Sea, coastal landscapes and hominin dispersals. In M. Petraglia, J. Rose (eds) The Evolution of Human Populations in Arabia. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, pp. 15–37, 2009.


Bailey, G.N. 2008. Time perspectivism: origins and consequences. In S. Holdaway & L. Wandsnider (eds.) Time in Archaeology: Time Perspectivism Revisited. Utah: University of Utah Press, pp. 13–30.

Bailey, G.N., Flemming, N. 2008. Archaeology of the continental shelf: marine resources, submerged landscapes and underwater archaeology. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 2153–65.


Bailey, G.N. Time perspectives, palimpsests and the archaeology of time. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 26: 198–223.

Bailey, G.N, AlSharekh, A., Flemming N., Lambeck, K., Momber, G., Sinclair, A., Vita-Finzi, C. 2007. Coastal prehistory in the southern Red Sea Basin: underwater archaeology and the Farasan Islands. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 37: 1–16.

Bailey, G.N., Flemming N., King, G.C.P., Lambeck, K., Momber, G., Moran, L., Al-Sharekh, A., Vita-Finzi, C. 2007. Coastlines, submerged landscapes and human evolution: the Red Sea Basin and the Farasan Islands). Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 2 (2): 127–60.


King, G.C.P., Bailey, G.N. Tectonics and Human Evolution. 2006. Antiquity 80: 265–86. (Winner of the prize for best paper in 2006).


Bailey, G.N. 2004. The wider significance of submerged archaeological sites and their relevance to world prehistory. In N.C. Flemming (ed.) Submarine prehistoric archaeology of the North Sea: Research Priorities and Collaboration with Industry. CBA Research Report 141. York: Council for British Archaeology, pp. 3–10.

Bailey, G.N. World Prehistory from the Margins: the Role of Coastlines in Human Evolution Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in History and Archaeology 1 (1): 39–50.

Bailey, G.N., Milner, N.J. 2002. Coastal hunters and gatherers and social evolution: marginal or central? Before Farming: the Archaeology of Old World Hunter-Gatherers 3–4 (1): 1–15.

Bailey, G., King, G., Manighetti, I. 2000. Tectonics, volcanism, landscape structure and human evolution in the African Rift. In G.N. Bailey, R. Charles & N. Winder (eds.) Human Ecodynamics: Proceedings of the Association for Environmental Archaeology Conference 1998 held at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Oxford: Oxbow, pp. 31–46.